- Receptive/Expressive Language: Receptive language is the comprehension of language – listening and understanding what is communicated. Another way to view it is as the receiving aspect of language. (Sometimes, reading is included when referring to receptive language, but some people use the term for spoken communication only.) It involves being attentive to what is said, the ability to comprehend the message, the speed of processing the message, and concentrating on the message. Receptive language includes understanding figurative language, as well as literal language. Receptive language includes being able to follow a series of commands.
- Expressive Language is communication of thoughts and feelings through a system of arbitrary signals, such as voice sounds, gestures, or written symbols.
- Oral Placement Therapy: Oral Placement Therapy (OPT, a new term coined by Sara Rosenfeld Johnson of TalkTools Therapy®) is a type of oral-motor therapy used by Speech-Language Pathologists (SLP) to target specific movements needed for speech clarity and feeding. It is one aspect of an oral motor therapy program that addresses the motor components used in feeding and speech.
- Articulation: Speech and language articulation is the process by which a person forms words. This is done with the different parts of a person’s jaw and mouth – the tongue, palate, lips and teeth.
- Auditory perception: The ability to perceive and understand sounds, usually with specific organs, such as a human’s ears. Sound exists in the form of vibrations that travel through the air or through other substances. Ears detect such vibrations and convert them into nerve impulses, which are then sent to the brain where they can be interpreted.
- Social Pragmatics: The ability to effectively use and adjust communication messages for a variety of purposes with an array of communication partners within diverse circumstances. Everyone is not automatically born with this ability; the skills develop over time and development is dependent on other factors such as joint attention, perspective taking, comprehension monitoring ability, and social interest.
- Augmentitive Communication: Augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) is an umbrella term that encompasses the communication methods used to supplement or replace speech or writing for those with impairments in the production or comprehension of spoken or written language.